Grevy's Zebra Foal Looking On ©James Warwick

Only 3,000 Grevy’s zebra remain in the wild.



Grevy’s Zebra – Conservation Status

The Grevy's zebra is one of Africa's most endangered large mammals and is listed as Endangered A1a, 2c by the IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group. Grevy’s zebra is also listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) which offers them the highest protection against illegal trading. They are legally protected in Ethiopia and since 1977 have been protected by a hunting ban in Kenya.

©Andrew Peacock/Footloosefotography


The species has undergone one of the most substantial reductions of range of any African mammal. Historically, they were found more widely across the Horn of Africa. Today, Grevy's zebra are considered extirpated in Somalia and are found only in central and northern Kenya and southern and north-eastern Ethiopia.

Grevy's Zebra distribution map.

The historic and present distribution of Grevy's zebra in the Horn of Africa (Adapted from Moehlman, P.D., King, S.R.B., and Kebede, F. 2016. Status and Conservation of Threatened Equids in Wild Equids: Ecology, Management, and Conservation (edited by Jason I. Ransom and Petra Kaczensky). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp 167-186.)

Grevy’s Zebra Numbers

Grevy’s zebra are in crisis and numbers have declined rapidly. In the late 1970s, the global population of Grevy's zebra was estimated to be 15,000 animals; present-day estimates indicate only 3,042 animals remain, representing at minimum an 80% decline in global numbers. In Kenya the 2018 estimate was 2,812 Grevy’s zebra and 230 in Ethiopia.

by eyedesign, nairobi, kenya
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